Why Does Oppenheimer Switch Between Black-and-White and Color?

Oppenheimer dodging the cameras
Credit: Universal Pictures

Oppenheimer dodging the cameras
Credit: Universal Pictures

Oppenheimer is Christopher Nolan’s longest film to date and his R-rated film in over 20 years. Apart from that, what makes Oppenheimer unique is that it has both color and black-and-white scenes.

Oppenheimer is a biographical film about the story of J. Robert Oppenheimer and his role in the development of the atomic bomb. Throughout the movie, the scenes switch between color and black and white.

Talking about why Oppenheimer switches from color to black-and-white, director Nolan revealed that it’s because the film has two timelines, and the switch is a change in perspective.

Cillian Murphy Oppenheimer thinking
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Credit: Universal Pictures

In an interview with the Associated Press, Nolan said:

"I knew that I had two timelines that we were running in the film. One is in color, and that's Oppenheimer's subjective experience. That's the bulk of the film. Then the other is a black-and-white timeline. It's a more objective view of his story from a different character's point of view."

Additionally, speaking to Total Film (via GamesRadar), Nolan said:

"I wrote the script in the first person, which I'd never done before. I don't know if anyone has ever done that, or if that's a thing people do or not… The film is objective and subjective. The colour scenes are subjective; the black-and-white scenes are objective. I wrote the colour scenes from the first person. So for an actor reading that, in some ways, I think it'd be quite daunting."

So, the use of both color and black-and-white scenes in Oppenheimer represents a change in perspective. As the scenes switch from color to black-and-white, so do the perspectives.

RELATED: Did Oppenheimer Use a Real Nuke?

The Color Scenes in Oppenheimer Are Subjective

Cillian Murphy's Oppenheimer looking at his side
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Credit: Universal Pictures

Nolan revealed that he wrote the script for Oppenheimer in first-person, which is the point of view for the color scenes. Nolan shared with Empire:

“I actually wrote in the first-person, which I’ve never done before. I don’t know if anyone’s ever done it before. But the point of it is, with the colour sequences, which is the bulk of the film, everything is told from Oppenheimer’s point of view — you’re literally kind of looking through his eyes. This is the story that you experience with him — you don’t judge him. You are faced with these irreconcilable ethical dilemmas with him.”

So, the color scenes in Oppenheimer are subjective and more personal. It’s the story told from Oppenheimer’s perspective, which is “the bulk of the film.”

Notably, the film does not just show Oppenheimer’s role in the development of the atomic bomb. It also shows what’s going on inside his head and the reasoning for his actions and decisions.

The film even shows aspects of the personal life of the “father of the atomic bomb.” All of these scenes are in color, which means that the color scenes are more personal, and indeed, the story is told from Oppenheimer’s point of view.

RELATED: Why Is Oppenheimer Rated-R?

The Black-and-White Scenes in Oppenheimer Are Objective

Robert Downey Jr. Lewis Strauss talking
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Credit: Universal Pictures

When Oppenheimer switches to black-and-white, it shifts into an objective view of the story. As Nolan mentioned, “It's a more objective view of his story from a different character's point of view.”

Notably, the scenes that are in black-and-white are those that involve Lewis Strauss (Robert Downey Jr.), Oppenheimer's rival.

The black-and-white scenes show the story from Lewis Strauss' perspective, not Oppenheimer's, therefore making it an objective view.

So, a switch from color to black-and-white shows a change in perspective, which makes Oppenheimer a unique film that’s worth watching.

RELATED: Is 'Oppenheimer' a Sequel or a Prequel to 'Tenet'?

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